MusicDish e-Journal - May 24, 2018
MusicDish Advertising Network
» HOME » INSIDER SCOOP » CAREER TIPS » MUSIC SPOTLIGHT » MUSICDISH*CHINA
» INDUSTRY INTERVIEWS » NEWS BEAT » DIGITAL SKOOL » OPEN REVIEW » MUSICDISH EDELWEISS
Search MusicDish e-Journal (Advanced)
Subscribe To MusicDish e-Journal
About | Contact | Advertise | RSS | Submit Article | Submit News | Artist Development | Premium PR Distribution
Mi2N | MusicDish*China | MusicDish Network | MusicDishTV | Urban Music News Network

Piano Power: Major Scale Chord Functions
Part 1
By Richard Prokop, Greenacres Press, Inc.
(more articles from this author)
2001-10-30
Comment | Email | Print | RSS

A common method of labeling or identifying a triad or chord is to state its letter name followed by its quality. Here are some examples: G Major, D Minor, F# Diminished, Ab Augmented. Another method of identification refers to chords in numerical terms. For example: C Major is the one chord ( I ) in the key of C, the four chord ( IV ) in the key of G , and the five chord ( V ) in the key of F. Therefore, within each of these three different keys, the C Major chord or triad has a specific "function" or role that is different from its specific function or role in the other keys.

Functions of C Major

If we construct a triad above each note of the C Major scale using only the notes of the C scale the following sequence of triads results:

Functions of G Major

Since the G Major scale has an F# in its key signature, all of the Fs in the example below are sharped. C Major is no longer ruler of the roost and has moved to the IVth position.

Functions of F Major

Since the F Major scale has a Bb in its key signature, all of the Bs in the example below are flatted. C Major has moved once againnow at the Vth position of the sequence.

If we were to write out the diatonic triads in all twelve Major keys, each sequence of triads would have three things in common with all of the others:

* I, IV and V are major triads.

* ii, iii and vi are minor triads.

* vii 0 is a diminished triad. (The "0" indicates diminished.)

It is important that you memorize these three conditions in order to fully understand the material presented in subsequent articles.

Lets take a look at the chord functions of D Major. How does C Major function in this new key?

Functions of D Major

Does B Major exist within the A Major sequence of chords? If so, what is its function? Lets take a look below:

Functions of A Major

What are the names of the three and six chord in the E Major sequence?

Functions of E Major

What is the function of the G Major chord in the B Major scale? Also, what are the names of the chords on its fourth and fifth degrees?

Functions of B Major

Memorization Methods

So far, we have dealt with the major scale chords (diatonic chords) of C, F and all of the sharp keys that include G, D, A, E and B. Take this opportunity to learn them backwards and forwards. Here are some methods you can use to make the process of memorization a little easier:

* Copy all of the above examples on a sheet of manuscript paper.

* Go through each sequence a number of times saying the numerical function followed by the chord out loud. For example, using the C major sequence you would say, "One - C Major, Two - D Minor, Three - E Minor,"

* Note that the individual notes or letter names of the I chord in any key provide you with the roots of the I, iii, and V chords in that particular key. For example, in the key of G major, the spelling of the I chord gives us the letter names G, B, and D that are the letter names of the roots of the I, iii and V chords respectively in that key. Then, simply attach the qualities (major, minor or diminished) to each letter name based on the degree of the scale that each one occupies. Therefore, in the key of G, the I, iii and V chords should immediately be recognized as G major, B minor and D major respectively.

* Note that the individual notes or letter names of the ii chord in any key provide you with the roots of the ii, IV, and vi chords in that particular key. For example, in the key of G major, the spelling of the ii chord gives us the letter names A, C, and E which are the letter names of the roots of the ii, IV and vi chords respectively in that key. Therefore, in the key of G, the ii, IV and vi chords are immediately recognized as A minor, C major and E minor respectively.

* Note that the vii 0 chord is located one-half step below the root of the scale. For example, in the key of G major, the note F# is a half-step below the root G. Therefore, F# diminished functions as the vii 0 chord in the key of G major.

If asked, "What is the six chord in B major?"you should immediately know the answer to be G# minor. (The ii chord of B major is spelled C#-E-G#. Therefore G# minor functions as vi in B major.) Similarly if asked, "What is the three chord in A Major?you should immediately respond with C# minor. (The I chord of A major is spelled A-C#-E. Therefore C# minor functions as iii in A major.)

Take a Quizz

1. What chord functions as vii 0 in the key of E major?

2. What chords function as IV and vi in the key of A major?

3. What chord functions as ii in the key of B major?

4. What chords function as IV and V in the key of G major?

5. What chords function as ii and V in the key of C major?

6. What chords function as iii and vi in the key of D major?

7. What chords function as ii and the V in the key of B major?

8. What chords function as iii and the vi in the key of G major?

9. What chord functions as vii 0 in the key of D major?

10. What chords function as iii, vi, ii and V in the key of A major?

Answers


Home » Career Tips » Piano Power: Major Scale Chord Functions
Permalink:http://www.musicdish.com/mag/?id=4691
Email |Print |Comment |RSS

back | top


MusicDish Advertising Network

Career Tips

» Briony Turner And Alec Boateng Promoted To Co-Heads Of A&R, Atlantic Records UK

» The Nashville Musicians Sound Healthcare Plan Rolls Out

» Career Moves: Cinq Music, Songtrust, Def Jam, Warner Music, 117 Management & DPA

» The Production Music Association Now Accepting Entries For The 2017 Mark Awards

» Aloft Hotels And MTV Spotlight Top Asia Pacific Music Talent

Career Tips Directory



» [2018-05-17] Avant-Garde Label Maybe Noise Launches In Beijing; The Official Launch Will Be On May 26 At Magnet Theater With A Performance Supporting Its First Vinyl Release: Png Z

» [2018-05-04] Award-Winning Lithuanian Rock Band Colours Of Bubbles "She Is The Darkness" 2018 China Tour; The Tour Will Kickoff In Shanghai Where The Band Will Represent Lithuania During The Country's Signing To The Silk Road Music Alliance

» [2018-05-01] Hollywood Heavyweights Launch New Christian Music Label; Their Debut Release, Firma Collective - Songs For Every Soul, Was Produced By Mgrdichian And Mixed By The Legendary Brian Reeves

» [2018-04-30] Pop Artist Ava King Releases New Single; Paris-born Ava King Decided To Move To Beijing Where She Wrote For One Of The Biggest Chinese Movie Production Companies, HuaYi Brothers

» [2018-04-27] NetEase Cloud Music Sign Distribution Partnership With B2 Music; Chinese Music Streaming Service To Release Billboard "Best Of Asia" Album Series

» [2018-04-24] Skype And Mixcloud Launch "Connecting..." Podcast Series; Podcast Series Connects The Music World's Brightest Sparks And Explores The Power Of Creative Collaboration

» [2018-04-21] ASCAP Revenues Top $1.144 Billion In 2017; ASCAP Delivers For The First Time More Than $1 Billion To Songwriter, Composer And Music Publisher Members

» [2018-04-21] Puma Unveils Drum Machine Inspired Sneaker; Legendary Roland 808 Drum Machine Inspires New PUMA Sneaker Style

» [2018-04-21] BMG Appoints New Creative Directors In Nashville; BMG Has Appointed Courtney Allen And Rakiyah Marshall To Creative Director, Based In Nashville

» [2018-04-01] Live.me Launches Its First Live Musical Themed Content Series; You Need The Code Is Live.me's First Ever Live Stream Music Program Providing Users With 14 Hand-selected Independent Artists For Their Entertainment

» [2018-03-28] Warner Music Group Acquires Sodatone; Data Pioneers Choose Entrepreneurial Home For Industry-leading A&R Tool

» [2018-03-09] Round Hill Music And Zync Sign Madge To Joint Venture; JV Publishing Venture To Support And Expand Zync's Successful Rights Representation Business
MusicDish Advertising Network

follow MusicDish on
Follow MusicDish on Twitter

Mi2N Music PR

Plunky's "Love Makes Us Better" Video Is Cosmic Jazz-Funk

Deadline Looms - The 23rd Annual USA Songwriting Competition

Carys - A Different Kind Of Normal - Debut CD Release

Melvin Riley Of Ready For The World Celebrates 35 Years In The Music Business And The Re-launch Of His Solo Career And New Billing Title

Listen: Darquise Explores The Art Of The Beak Up In His Debut Single "I Say One"

Artist Matthew Schultz Releases "Promise For Keeps" Featuring Gyptian

Richie Sambora Returns To Ovation Guitars With Signature Double Neck Guitar Benefitting Youth Music Charity



Websites: Mi2N | MusicDish*China | MusicDish Network | MusicDishTV | Urban Music News Network
Services: Submit Article | Submit News | Submit Video | Artist Development | Premium PR Distribution

Copyright © 1997-2018 MusicDish LLC., all rights reserved.
About MusicDish e-Journal | Contact Us | Advertise | RSS | Internships